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exocad ChairsideCAD Recognized as a 2019 Best of Class Technology Award Winner

Posted on July 16, 2019

exocad HmbH, the dental industry's leading provider of CAD software, has been selected as a 2019 Cellerant Best of Class Technology Award recipient."We are entering a new era in dentistry — one that will change how we diagnose, treat, and manage our patients and practices," said Dr. Lou Shuman, CEO of Cellerant and founder of the Best of Class Technology Awards. "This was a breakthrough year in product and services technologies. The panel spent hundreds of hours in close discussion reviewing and analyzing the corporate landscape. Pay close attention to our winners as they are truly leading the way to provide you what is best in today's contemporary practice."

exocad is the choice of software for leading manufacturers of dental CAD/CAM systems. With the new ChairsideCAD, clinicians now have the freedom to choose the best hardware and software for same-day dentistry regardless of the product or system they prefer. This is a groundbreaking evolution since historically the industry has been limited to specific workflows and that specific hardware/software work together adhering to a more closed architecture.  Derived from exocad DentalCAD, a signature software solution within the dental laboratory marketplace for over a decade, ChairsideCAD includes dentalshare, a powerful collaboration tool for clinicians and labs. "We are honored to receive this prestigious industry award from our clinical audience. With the introduction of exocad ChairsideCAD, clinicians can now access labs, design and production centers with the freedom of choice like never before," states Larry Bodony, President of exocad America, Inc. He continued, "With this revolutionary open and flexible workflow, clinicians can finally maximize their return on investment as well as valuable chairtime."

"Our goal is to help the doctor make the best decisions for their office which, in the end, benefits the patients that we all serve," said John Flucke, DDS, Best of Class panel member. "I'm honored to be able to help my peers with the decision-making process and helping them wade through the plethora of high-tech products that can change offices and lives for the better."

The 2019 Cellerant Best of Class Technology Award is selected by a panel of the most prominent technology leaders in dentistry: Paul Feuerstein, DMD, technology editor for Dentistry Today, John Flucke, DDS, technology editor for Dental Products Report, Marty Jablow, DMD, known as America's technology coach, Pamela Maragliano-Muniz, DMD, editor-in-chief of Inside Dental Hygiene, Chris Salierno, DDS, editor-in-chief of Dental Economics, and Lou Shuman, DMD, CAGS, founder and creator of the Best of Class Technology Award.

Larry Bodony claims, "Having received the Best of Class Award from the Cellerant Company and recognition from their exclusive panel of experts is truly an honor, for which we are incredibly proud."

About exocad

exocad GmbH is a dynamic and innovative software company committed to expanding the possibilities of digital dentistry and providing resellers with flexible, reliable, and easy-to-use CAD/CAM software for dental labs and dental practices. exocad software has been chosen by leading OEMs worldwide for integration into their dental CAD/CAM offerings, and thousands of exocad DentalCAD licenses are sold each year. For more information and a list of exocad reseller partners, please visit exocad.com.

About the Cellerant Best of Class Technology Award

The selection process relies on an expert panel of dentists recognized as thought leaders and educators. It includes Dr. Paul Feuerstein, Dr. John Flucke, Dr. Marty Jablow, Dr. Pamela Maragliano-Muniz, Dr. Chris Salierno, and Dr. Lou Shuman. Over the course of each year, the panel members seek out and conduct research on potentially practice-changing technologies, with deliberations on nominees and final voting taking place in February. Panelists are precluded from voting in any category where they have consulting relationships. The entire selection process is conducted and managed on a not-for-profit basis.  For more information on the Cellerant Best of Class Awards and the 2019 Award Winners, go to cellerantconsulting.com/bestofclass.

About Cellerant Consulting Group

Founded and led by CEO Dr. Lou Shuman, DMD, CAGS, Cellerant provides strategic dental market insights, clinical expertise, implementation resources and support to accelerate growth for client dental companies. Cellerant services include new concept incubation, clinical product evaluation, product development, continuing education program development and CE sponsorship, strategic branding and marketing, online marketing, content marketing and dental media relations management. As an orthodontist and former owner of a 10-doctor multi-specialty private group practice, Dr. Shuman guides clients to offer products that engage dental customers and provide sustained differentiation. Cellerant operates under a unique model that merges leading voices in clinical product evaluation and strategic partner companies to provide a menu of services from one easily accessible network.







AAOMS Magazine Editor Receives Distinguished Dental Editor Award

Posted on July 16, 2019

Daniel M. Laskin, DDS, MS – the longest-serving editor of a dental association newsletter – has received the 2018 Distinguished Dental Editor Award from the American Dental Association Council on Communications and the American Association of Dental Editors and Journalists (AADEJ).

Laskin of Richmond, Va., has been editor of AAOMS Today – a bimonthly publication of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons – and its predecessor publications since 1966. AAOMS represents more than 9,000 oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and AAOMS Today provides those members with specialty and association news as well as information on opportunities for education, research and advocacy.

The Distinguished Dental Editor Award honors editors who bring acclaim to their association, dentistry and dental journalism through exceptional editorial direction and the creation of first-rate publications. Laskin received the award at the 2018 AADEJ Annual Conference in Hawaii.

As the AAOMS newsletter's first editor, Laskin wrote all the content and laid out pages. Since then, the publication has become increasingly larger with additional staff and expansive content. However, he still edits every article for content, message and grammar. He guided the 2018 redesign of the publication that featured more photos, expanded event coverage and additional in-depth features, including articles on AAOMS members who treated the Las Vegas shooting victims and an OMS who performed a complex, "miracle" jaw surgery on a young woman. Laskin's numerous editorials over the years have dealt with healthcare issues, education and training as well as professional responsibility and ethics.

During Laskin's tenure as editor, AAOMS Today has won journalism awards from the International College of Dentists for outstanding newsletter in 2011 and 2018 and most improved publication in 2014. The magazine also was honored with two Platinum Awards for overall magazine and writing in the 2019 Hermes Creative Awards; named most improved magazine by the 2018 APEX Awards for Publication Excellence; and presented four 2018 MARCOM Awards for feature article (platinum) as well as association magazine, overall writing and overall design (golds).

Laskin served as president of AAOMS from 1976-77 and the International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons from 1983-86 as well as editor-in-chief of the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (JOMS) – AAOMS's monthly journal that covers new techniques and innovations in the specialty – from 1972-2002. Annual accolades named after Laskin include an award for the best article in JOMS and AAOMS's outstanding predoctoral educator award.

Currently, Laskin is adjunct clinical professor and chair emeritus in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Virginia Commonwealth University School of Dentistry after serving as chair of the department from 1984-2002. He also served as head of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) College of Dentistry from 1973-83 and established the college's Temporomandibular Joint and Facial Pain Research Center. UIC annually hosts the Daniel M. Laskin Lectureship in his honor.

The experts in face, mouth and jaw surgery® — The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) is the professional organization representing more than 11,000 oral and maxillofacial surgeons, OMS residents and OMS professional staff in the United States. AAOMS supports its fellows' and members' ability to practice their specialty through education, research and advocacy. AAOMS fellows and members comply with rigorous continuing education requirements and submit to periodic office anesthesia evaluations. For additional information about oral and maxillofacial surgery, visit the AAOMS websites at http://www.AAOMS.org and http://www.MyOMS.org.







Massachusetts Dentists Encourage Back-to-School Dental Exams for a Cavity- and Pain-Free School Year

Posted on July 16, 2019

For hundreds of thousands of children across Massachusetts, the end of summer will mark the beginning of another school year. This often means a trip to the pediatrician or family doctor for a physical exam. However, one aspect of children’s health that is often overlooked is right under our noses—the mouth. With a new school year just around the corner, the Massachusetts Dental Society (MDS) is encouraging parents to schedule their children’s back-to-school dental exams now.

“Making sure children have a dental checkup before they go back to school is important to ensuring their teeth are healthy and cavity-free,” said Janis Moriarty, DMD, president of the MDS and a general dentist practicing in Winchester. “Oral health is a critical component of overall health, and children can't concentrate and learn in school when they have a toothache.”

According to the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), dental caries, or tooth decay, is the most common chronic disease in children—it is about five times as common as asthma and seven times as common as hay fever. Untreated cavities can cause pain and infections that may lead to problems with eating, speaking, playing, and learning. Children who have poor oral health often miss more school and receive lower grades than children who don’t. In the U.S., more than 34 million school hours are lost each year due to dental problems.

Fortunately, cavities are preventable. The CDC notes that fluoride varnish can prevent about one-third of cavities in primary (baby) teeth. Children living in communities with fluoridated tap water have fewer cavities than children who live in areas where tap water is not fluoridated. Similarly, children who brush daily with fluoride toothpaste will have fewer cavities. Dental sealants can also prevent cavities.

Parents are encouraged to steer their kids away from sticky treats like fruit snacks and candy. Even seemingly good-for-you snacks, like raisins, can stick to teeth and cause decay. Instead, parents should pack a variety of mouth-healthy foods in their children’s lunch boxes, like fruits, veggies, yogurt, cheese sticks, or whole-grain crackers. Packing a bottle of water instead of a sugary soda or sports drink is a better choice because teeth that are exposed regularly to sugar and acid from these drinks are at increased risk of cavities and the breakdown of dental enamel.

“Sports injuries also can be a big pain in the mouth for students and expensive for parents,” Dr. Moriarty added. “Athletes who play contact sports should always wear a mouthguard designed to prevent injury to the teeth, lips, cheeks, and tongue.”

There are several types of mouthguards available, but custom-made mouthguards, which can be fitted by a dentist, are best in terms of fit, comfort, and protection. The next best option is a “boil-and-bite” version, which is less expensive and available at sporting goods stores, but may not fit as well as a custom-made one. Ready-made or stock mouthguards are also available, but they cannot be shaped to the contours of the teeth and may sometimes interfere with breathing and speaking.

“Visiting the dentist for a bi-annual exam and cleaning, eating nutritious foods, brushing and flossing on a daily basis, and wearing a mouthguard while playing sports are essential for a cavity- and pain-free school year,” Dr. Moriarty said.

If parents have not already established a dental home for their child, they can search for an American Dental Association (ADA) and Massachusetts Dental Society member dentist near them by using the ADA’s Find-a-Dentist® easy online search tool.

The Massachusetts Dental Society (MDS), a 5,000-member professional association and statewide constituent of the American Dental Association, is dedicated to the professional development of its member dentists through initiatives in education, advocacy, the promotion of the highest professional standards, and championing oral health in the Commonwealth. For more information, visit massdental.org and follow the MDS on Twitter @MassDental.







Sterngold Hires New Director of Sales

Posted on July 16, 2019

Sterngold is pleased to announce the appointment of Patrick Hayden, M.Ed., to the position of Director of Sales. With 25 years of experience, Patrick comes to Sterngold with an extensive background in sales, customer relations, coaching, and leadership. Patrick has been a top-performer in sales positions within BioHorizons, Straumann, and Sybron. He also founded Hayden Education, a sales process and skills development organization, focusing on sales training for increased performance and efficiencies.

Patrick earned his Masters of Education in Curriculum Design and Adult Learning Theory from the University of Massachusetts and had created and delivered hundreds of education programs on the planning, placement, and restoration of dental implants using 3D digital technologies.

“The addition of Patrick will provide valuable leadership and further sales development for Sterngold. His experience within the industry and sales as a whole will not only increase our product and service outreach, but provide valuable tools and guidance necessary for growth and consistent customer service. We are pleased to welcome Patrick into the Sterngold family,” says Gordon Craig, President and CEO.







Henry Schein Chairman and CEO Stanley Bergman Shares Key Insights at Dykema’s 6th Annual Definitive Conference for Dental Service Organizations

Posted on July 15, 2019

Panel of Industry Leaders Discuss the Intersection Between Culture and Business Performance

Stanley M. Bergman, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Henry Schein, Inc. (Nasdaq: HSIC), discussed the intersection between organizational culture and business performance during a panel discussion at Dykema’s 6th Annual Definitive Conference for Dental Service Organizations (DSOs). The event was held on July 11th at the Omni Dallas Hotel in Dallas, Texas.

An event designed for practice owners, executives, and investors, Dykema’s Conference for DSOs assembled well-renowned thought leaders in the dental industry to share their experiences and best practices with attendees. Along with Steve Bilt, the Chief Executive Officer of Smile Brands Inc., Mr. Bergman participated in the “Titans of the Dental Industry” panel discussion, where he addressed a wide range of topics such as attracting and retaining talent, maintaining a positive organizational culture, giving back to underserved populations, using the DSO model to enhance clinical care, and reinventing and re-energizing business strategy.

“Dentistry is a people business, and success in business is always about people,” said Mr. Bergman. “Whether a DSO or a multinational company like Henry Schein, attracting and retaining talent is essential. In our experience, a values-based workplace culture that is embraced by all team members enhances productivity, morale, collegiality, and respect throughout the organization. It’s the foundation of our success.”

During the panel, Mr. Bergman also stressed the importance of giving back to the community, referencing Henry Schein’s global corporate social responsibility program, Henry Schein Cares, and its commitment to “doing well by doing good.” This commitment is exemplified through Company programs that are designed to enhance access to care, improve environmental sustainability, and foster a positive organizational culture.

About Henry Schein, Inc.

Henry Schein, Inc. (Nasdaq: HSIC) is a solutions company for health care professionals powered by a network of people and technology. With more than 19,000 Team Schein Members worldwide, the Company's network of trusted advisors provides more than 1 million customers globally with more than 300 valued solutions that improve operational success and clinical outcomes. Our Business, Clinical, Technology, and Supply Chain solutions help office-based dental and medical practitioners work more efficiently so they can provide quality care more effectively.

These solutions also support dental laboratoriesgovernment and institutional health care clinics, as well as other alternate care sites.

Henry Schein operates through a centralized and automated distribution network, with a selection of more than 120,000 branded products and Henry Schein private-brand products in stock, as well as more than 180,000 additional products available as special-order items.

A FORTUNE 500 Company and a member of the S&P 500® and the Nasdaq 100® indexes, Henry Schein is headquartered in Melville, N.Y., and has operations or affiliates in 31 countries. The Company's sales from continuing operations reached $9.4 billion in 2018, and have grown at a compound annual rate of approximately 13 percent since Henry Schein became a public company in 1995.

For more information, visit Henry Schein at www.henryschein.comFacebook.com/HenrySchein, and @HenrySchein on Twitter.

 







ADA Contacts Federal Agencies About Plastic Teeth Aligners

Posted on July 15, 2019

The American Dental Association (ADA) sent a complaint letter to the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) Bureau of Consumer Protection raising concerns over aspects of SmileDirect Club, L.L.C.’s (SDC) marketing and direct-to-consumer sales of plastic teeth aligners. The letter was sent approximately two months after the ADA filed a citizen’s petition with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in April stating that SmileDirectClub is placing the public at risk by knowingly evading the FDA’s “by prescription only” restriction the agency has placed on teeth aligning materials.

The ADA took these actions out of concern for consumer safety and customer recourse when negative outcomes from this direct to consumer dentistry product occur.  

The FDA is responsible for protecting public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of medical devices, while the FTC Bureau of Consumer Protection is responsible for protecting consumers from unfair and deceptive business practices. Plastic teeth aligners are designated by the FDA as a Class II medical device requiring a prescription.

In lieu of having dentists perform patient exams meeting the applicable standard of care as the basis for prescribing orthodontic treatment, SmileDirectClub requires customers to self-report their dental condition. The ADA argues in its petition to the FDA that self-reporting does not meet the standard care of care because it does not satisfy a dentist’s required professional due diligence. Lay people are not expected to be familiar with specialized technical or medical vocabularies. SmileDirectClub and the small number of “SDC-affiliated” dentists have no way of knowing whether what the lay consumer attests to is accurate, informed, or true in any respect.  

”Moving teeth without knowing all aspects of a patient’s oral condition has the potential to cause the patient harm,” states ADA President Jeffrey M. Cole, D.D.S., M.B.A. “Orthodontic treatment, if not done correctly, could lead to potential bone loss, lost teeth, receding gums, bite problems, jaw pain, and other issues.”

In addition, SmileDirectClub requires customers to hold the company harmless from any negative consequences, a point that was made in both of the communications the ADA sent to the FDA and the FTC.

In its letter to the FTC, the ADA cited the following practices of SmileDirectClub that it believes to be deceptive under section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act:

These include:

-Informing purchasers they have recourse against SmileDirect Club via arbitration when in the same document, SmileDirect Club hides a “small print” provision obligating the customer to waive any and all rights the customer “or any third party” may have against SmileDirect Club.

-Encouraging consumers to become customers by telling them individually and directly that SmileDirect Club aligners will correct their overbite, underbite and crossbite conditions or their “extreme” malocclusion. However, when customers complain, SDC invokes other SDC documents that state its aligners cannot treat bite conditions at all and can only treat mild to moderate teeth misalignment, not “extreme” misalignment.

-Claiming that SDC customers receive the same level of dental/orthodontic care as actual dental patients when actually SDC and its affiliated dentists provide virtually no care and, contrary to its claims, SDC does not use teledentistry.

“The ADA considers it our duty on behalf of the public to make the relevant regulatory agencies aware of what is going on so they can consider whatever actions they deem appropriate,” Dr. Cole said.

The FDA’s MedWatch voluntary reporting form may be used by both consumers and health care professionals to report poor clinical outcomes associated with medical devices, which include plastic teeth aligners. The FTC also offers consumers an online form to report complaints about unfair and deceptive business practices on their website.

For more information about direct to consumer dentistry, visit the ADA’s consumer website MouthHealthy.org.

 







New Digital Division Set to Take the Crown for Prima

Posted on July 15, 2019

The fastest growing global dental bur manufacturer, Prima Dental Group, has added a new digital division to its offering which is already disrupting the world’s digital dentistry market. 

Prima Digital was launched in 2018, on the back of a partnership with the UK’s leading dental university, and under the guidance of the Group’s Head of Research and Innovation, Dr. Marilyn Goh.

The £1 million investment enabled the design of a select range of patent-pending milling tools, each CVD diamond coated – a thickness ten times that of any competitor product.  The range includes coated and uncoated variants with product extensions due to be released imminently.

The tools have been rigorously tested and independently verified to ensure optimum quality, with results revealing a more accurate restoration, delivering 29% better performance and up to 40% cost savings over the market leaders.

“As a business, we are always striving to innovate, and with the rise of the digital dentistry market, we quickly appreciated that there was an opportunity for us within this field,” comments Dr Goh.

“However, in line with our mission around the pursuit of better, we wanted to ensure that our entry into this market would be at the forefront, designing proven, best-in-quality products. We’re incredibly proud of what we’ve achieved. Our tools are so precise that the pin-point accuracy ensures a perfect fit for the patient, and that means no chairside adjustments, saving time and cost for the dentist and improving the patient experience.”

With a busy first half of the year – including exhibiting at IDS 2019 where there was great interest and uptake – the team from Prima Digital will be visiting shows in Europe, Asia, and South Africa, as well as exhibiting in the US over the next six months.







Arfona Selected as a Top 5 Additive Manufacturing Healthcare Startup

Posted on July 15, 2019

StartUS Insights, an Austria-based data science company focusing on emerging technologies and companies, has identified Arfona, LLC, as one of the top 5 additive manufacturing startups in the healthcare industry. Arfona was selected as one of the most relevant additive manufacturing solutions globally out of 572 startups and was the only firm selected from the United States. Startups were analyzed using a data-driven scouting approach. 

The report makes note of the fact that “dental products are uniquely suited for the 3D printing process due to their small size, a high degree of customization to each patient, and complex traditional manufacturing methods.” 

Arfona Founder and CEO Justin Marks, CDT, goes on to describe the current state of restorative dentistry:

“What the industry has been doing to address the needs of the partially edentulous population up until now has been less than effective. Fewer than 14% of the more than 178 million Americans missing one or more teeth are being treated annually for tooth loss. The industry is in need of disruption and our 3D printing technology for the replacement of missing teeth provides solutions for the underserved dental population.”

Arfona specializes in thermoplastic 3D printing for the dental industry and is the inventor of the 3D printed Valplast flexible partial denture.

The original report by StartUS Insights can be viewed here.







Dental Field Becoming More Female, More Diverse

Posted on July 12, 2019

Study by UAlbany research center found that shift in demographics might improve services for underserved populations

The dental profession is undergoing demographic changes, especially changes in gender distribution. A recent research study conducted by the Oral Health Workforce Research Center (OHWRC) at the University at Albany’s Center for Health Workforce Studies (CHWS), in collaboration with the American Dental Association, evaluated differences in dental practice characteristics and service delivery by gender to anticipate changes that might affect the availability of dental services for underserved populations in the future.

Key findings include:

  • In 2016, nearly 30 percent of all dentists in the US were female, versus 24 percent in 2010, which suggests that more women are entering the field.

  • Overall, female dentists were younger and more diverse than their male colleagues. Higher proportions of female dentists were Hispanic, Black/African American, or were foreign trained, which contributes to increasing cultural and language diversity among dentists.

  • Female dentists were more likely to complete residency training in general dentistry or in pediatric dentistry than their male counterparts.

  • While the majority of female and male dentists owned their practices, worked full-time, and practiced in suburban or urban areas, proportionally more female dentists were employees, worked part-time, and practiced in urban areas than male dentists.

  • Female dentists were also more likely to serve younger patients and patients covered by public dental insurance, such as Medicaid, than male dentists.

“Gender diversification of the dental workforce is only one aspect of our changing oral health care delivery systems,” said CHWS Project Director Simona Surdu. “Many factors, including generational differences, will continue to affect practice patterns in dentistry. It is important that we continue to study the oral health workforce in order to ensure an adequate supply and appropriate distribution of dental professionals to meet the needs of the growing and aging US population.”

To view the report, visit the CHWS website at http://www.chwsny.org.

For more information about the Oral Health Workforce Research Center, visit www.oralhealthworkforce.org.

Established in 1996, CHWS is an academic research organization, based at the School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York (SUNY). The mission of CHWS is to provide timely, accurate data and conduct policy relevant research about the health workforce. The research conducted by CHWS supports and promotes health workforce planning and policymaking at local, regional, state, and national levels. Today, CHWS is a national leader in the field of health workforce studies, and the only HRSA-sponsored center with a unique focus on the oral health workforce.  

This work was supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) as part of an award totaling $449,821. The contents are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of, nor an endorsement by, HRSA, HHS, or the US Government.







Root Canal Work Not So Bad After All

Posted on July 12, 2019

Root canal work is not as bad as people think when compared to other dental procedures. Self-reporting of their dental health suggests that patients find the procedure no worse than other dental work, which overturns the popular belief that root canal work is the most unpleasant dental treatment.

Dr Tallan Chew, postgraduate student, Adelaide Dental School, University of Adelaide co-authored the study.

"Information about 1096 randomly selected Australian people aged 30-61 was collected through questionnaires, dental records and treatment receipts in 2009. Their self-rated dental health score was checked when they had their dental work and two years later," she says.

"Patients who had root canal work reported similar oral health-related quality of life as people who had other types of dental work."

"The effect of root canal work on patients' oral health-related quality of life was compared to other kinds of dental work such as tooth extraction, restoration of teeth, repairs to the teeth or gum treatment, preventative treatment and cleaning."

Every year millions of root canal treatments are performed globally (more than 22 million in the USA alone), which may have a profound positive effect on the quality of life of patients. A root canal treatment repairs and saves a tooth that is badly decayed or is infected. During a root canal procedure, the nerve and pulp are removed and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. Most people associate having root canal work with a lot of pain and discomfort.

"There is growing interest in the dental profession to better understand the effect and impact oral diseases and their associated treatment, such as root canal work, have on patients' quality of life," says Professor Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Head of Endodontics at Adelaide Dental School, University of Adelaide who co-authored the study.

"A biopsychosocial view of health is increasingly replacing a purely biomedical model.

"Treatment outcomes need to be re-examined from a patient-based perspective using self-reported measures as this more accurately reflects the patients' perception of treatment outcomes and the effect it has on their overall well-being.

"Patient-reported treatment outcomes are now the principle driving force behind treatment needs, as opposed to clinician-based treatment outcomes.

"With this change in emphasis, the perspectives of patients and their relatives are important factors in identifying need for treatment, treatment planning, and determining outcomes from any health care intervention as part of shared decision making," says Professor Rossi-Fedele.

This study was published in the Journal of Endodontics.

 







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