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May 2016
Volume 37, Issue 5

Salvatore Florio, DDS
Ashman Department of Periodontology and Implant Dentistry
New York University College of Dentistry
New York, New York

Craig M. Misch, DDS, MDS
Private Practice limited to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Sarasota, Florida


1. Belser UC, Schmid B, Higginbottom F, Buser D. Outcome analysis of implant restorations located in the anterior maxilla: a review of the recent literature. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2004;19 suppl:30-42.

2. Funato A, Salama MA, Ishikawa T, et al. Timing, positioning, and sequential staging in esthetic implant therapy: a four-dimensional perspective. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2007;27(4):313-323.

3. Klein MO, Schiegnitz E, Al-Nawas B. Systematic review on success of narrow-diameter dental implants. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014;29 suppl:43-54.

4. Barber HD, Seckinger RJ. The role of the small-diameter dental implant: a preliminary report on the Miniimplant system. Compendium. 1994;15(11):1390,1392.

5. Simon H, Caputo AA. Removal torque of immediately loaded transitional endosseous implants in human subjects. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2002;17(6):839-845.

6. Froum SJ, Simon H, Cho SC, et al. Histologic evaluation of bone-implant contact of immediately loaded transitional implants after 6 to 27 months. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2005;20(1):54-60.

7. Food and Drug Administration website. Access Data. Rockville, MD: US Dept of Health and Human Services; September 13, 2004. Accessed April 1, 2016.

8. Vigolo P, Givani A. Clinical evaluation of single-tooth mini-implant restorations: a five-year retrospective study. J Prosthet Dent. 2000;84(1):50-54.

9. Mazor Z, Steigmann M, Leshem R, Peleg M. Mini-implants to reconstruct missing teeth in severe ridge deficiency and small interdental space: a 5-year case series. Implant Dent. 2004;13(4):336-341.

10. Froum SJ, Cho SC, Cho YS, et al. Narrow-diameter implants: a restorative option for limited interdental space. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2007;27(5):449-455.

11. Shatkin TE, Petrotto CA. Mini dental implants: a retrospective analysis of 5640 implants placed over a 12-year period. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2012;33 spec 3:2-9.

12. Anitua E, Saracho J, Begoña L, Alkhraisat MH. Long-term follow-up of 2.5-mm narrow-diameter implants supporting a fixed prostheses. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2015 Apr 27. doi: 10.1111/cid.12350. [Epub ahead of print]

13. Bidra AS, Almas K. Mini implants for definitive prosthodontic treatment: a systematic review. J Prosthet Dent. 2013;109(3):156-164.

14. Misch CM. Maxillary autogenous bone grafting. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2011;23(2):229-238.

15. Krennmair G, Krainhöfner M, Weinländer M, Piehslinger E. Provisional implants for immediate restoration of partially edentulous jaws: a clinical study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2008;23(4):717-725.

16. Bourauel C, Aitlahrach M, Heinemann F, Hasan I. Biomechanical finite element analysis of small diameter and short dental implants: extensive study of commercial implants. Biomed Tech (Berl). 2012;57(1):21-32.

17. Allum SR, Tomlinson RA, Joshi R. The impact of loads on standard diameter, small diameter and mini implants: a comparative laboratory study. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2008;19(6):553-559.

18. Bergkvist G, Simonsson K, Rydberg K, et al. A finite element analysis of stress distribution in bone tissue surrounding uncoupled or splinted dental implants. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2008;10 (1):40-46.

19. Jofre J, Cendoya P, Munoz P. Effect of splinting mini-implants on marginal bone loss: a biomechanical model and clinical randomized study with mandibular overdentures. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2010;25(6):1137-1144.

20. Yilmaz B, Seidt JD, McGlumphy EA, Clelland NL. Comparison of strains for splinted and nonsplinted screw-retained prostheses on short implants. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2011;26(6):1176-1182.

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