×
Compendium
April 2017
Volume 38, Issue 4
Peer-Reviewed

About the Authors

Robert A. Levine, DDS
Clinical Professor in Periodontology and Implantology
Kornberg School of Dentistry
Temple University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Diplomate
American Board of Periodontology
Fellow
International Team for Implantology
Private Practice in Dental Implants and Periodontics
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Jeffrey Ganeles, DMD
Adjunct Associate Professor
Nova Southeastern University College of Dental Medicine
Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
Diplomate
American Board of Periodontology
Fellow
International Team for Implantology
Fellow, Academy of Osseointegration
Private Practice in Dental Implants and Periodontics
Boca Raton, Florida

Luiz Gonzaga, DDS, MS
Center for Implant Dentistry
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida
Fellow
International Team for Implantology

Joseph K. Kan, DDS, MS
Professor and Private Practice
Prosthodontics and Implant Dentistry
Loma Linda University School of Dentistry
Loma Linda, California

Harry Randel, DMD
Private Practice in Prosthodontics and Implant Dentistry
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Fellow
International Team for Implantology

Chris D. Evans, BDSc, MDSc, MRACDS
Private Practice in Prosthodontics and Implant Dentistry
Brighton, Australia
Fellow
International Team for Implantology

Stephen T. Chen, BDS, MDSc, PhD, FRACDS
Clinical Associate Professor
University of Melbourne
Melbourne, Australia
Fellow
International Team for Implantology
Private Practice in Dental Implants and Periodontics
Melbourne, Australia

References

1. Dawson A, Chen S. The SAC Classification in Implant Dentistry. Berlin: Quintessence Publishing; 2009.

2. Morton D, Ganeles J. ITI Treatment Guide. Vol 2. Loading Protocols in Implant Dentistry - Partially Dentate Patients. Berlin: Quintessence Publishing; 2007.

3. Chen ST, Buser D. Esthetic outcomes following immediate and early implant placement in the anterior maxilla—a systematic review. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014;29(suppl):186-215.

4. Levine RA, Huynh-Ba, Cochran DL. Soft tissue augmentation procedures for mucogingival defects in esthetic sites. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014;29(suppl):155-185.

5. Morton D, Chen ST, Martin WC, et al. Consensus statements and recommended clinical procedures regarding optimizing esthetic outcomes in implant dentistry. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014;29(suppl):216-220.

6. Chen ST, Beagle J, Jensen SS, et al. Consensus statements and recommended clinical procedures regarding surgical techniques. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2009;24(suppl):272-278.

7. Tarnow DP, Chu SJ, Salama MA, et al. Flapless postextraction socket implant placement in the esthetic zone: part 1. The effect of bone grafting and/or provisional restoration on the facial-palatal ridge dimensional change—a retrospective cohort study. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2014;34(3):323-331.

8. Yoshino S, Kan JY, Rungcharassaeng K, et al. Effects of connective tissue grafting on the facial gingival level following single immediate implant placement and provisionalization in the esthetic zone: a 1-year randomized controlled prospective study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014;29(2):432-440.

9. Lee EA, Gonzalez-Martin O, Fiorellini J. Lingualized flapless implant placement into fresh extraction sockets preserves buccal alveolar bone: a cone beam computed tomography study. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2014;34(1):61-68.

10. Morimoto T, Tsukiyama Y, Morimoto K, Koyano K. Facial bone alterations on maxillary anterior single implants for immediate placement and provisionalization following tooth extraction: a superimposed cone beam computed tomography study. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2015;26(12):1383-1389.

11. Chu SJ, Salama MA, Garber DA, et al. Flapless postextraction socket implant placement, Part 2: The effects of bone grafting and provisional restoration on peri-implant soft tissue height and thickness—a retrospective study. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2015;35(6):803-809.

12. Cardaropoli D, Tamagnone L, Roffredo A, Gaveglio L. Soft tissue contour changes at immediate postextraction single-tooth implants with immediate restoration: a 12-month prospective cohort study. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2015;35(2):191-198.

13. Aguilar-Salvatierra A, Calvo-Guirado JL, Gonzalez-Jaranay M, et al. Peri-implant evaluation of immediately loaded implants placed in esthetic zone in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2: a two-year study. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2016;27(2):156-161.

14. Cooper LF, Reside GL, Raes F, et al. Immediate provisionalization of dental implants placed in healed alveolar ridges and extraction sockets: a 5-year prospective evaluation. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014;29(3):709-717.

15. Ross SB, Pette GA, Parker WB, Hardigan P. Gingival margin changes in maxillary anterior sites after single immediate implant placement and provisionalization: a 5-year retrospective study of 47 patients. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014;29(1):127-134.

16. Saito H, Chu SJ, Reynolds MA, Tarnow DP. Provisional restorations used in immediate implant placement provide a platform to promote peri-implant soft tissue healing: a pilot study. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2016;36(1):47-52.

17. Barone A, Titi P, Quarata A, et al. The clinical outcomes of immediate versus delayed restoration procedures on immediate implants: a comparative cohort study for single-tooth replacement. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2015;17(6):1114-1126.

18. Barone A, Marconcini S, Giammarinaro E, et al. Clinical outcomes of implants placed in extraction sockets and immediately restored: a 7-year single-cohort prospective study. Clin Impl Dent Relat Res. 2016;18(6):1103-1112.

19. Rosa AC, da Rosa JC, Dias Pereira LA, et al. Guidelines for selecting the implant diameter during immediate implant placement of a fresh extraction socket: a case series. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2016;36(3):401-407.

20. Belser UC, Schmid B, Higginbottom F, Buser D. Outcome analysis of implant restorations located in the anterior maxilla: A review of the recent literature. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2004;19(suppl):30-42.

21. Morton D, Martin WC, Ruskin JD. Single-stage Straumann dental implants in the aesthetic zone: considerations and treatment procedures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004;62(9 suppl 2):57-66.

22. Kois JC. Predictable single tooth peri-implant esthetics: five diagnostic keys. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2001;22(3):199-206.

23. Levine RA, Katz D. Developing a team approach to complex aesthetics: treatment considerations. Prac Proced Aesthet Dent. 2003;15(4):301-306.

24. Funato A, Salama MA, Ishikawa T, et al. Timing, positioning, and sequential staging in esthetic implant therapy:
a four-dimensional perspective. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2007;27(4):313-323.

25. Bornstein MM, Balsiger R. Sendi P, von Arx T. Morphology of the nasopalatine canal and dental implant surgery: a radiographic analysis of 100 consecutive patients using limited cone-beam computed tomography. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2011;22(3):295-301.

26. Scarfe W, Vaughn WS, Farman AG, et al. Comparison of restoratively projected and surgically acceptable virtual implant position for mandibular overdentures. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2012;27(1):111-118.

27. Daftary F, Mahallati R, Bahat O, Sullivan RM. Lifelong craniofacial growth and the implications for osseointegrated implants. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2012;28(1):163-169.

28. Levine R, Martin W. Esthetic risk assessment in implant dentistry. Inside Dent. 2012;8(8):66-71.

29. Martin W, Morton C, Buser D. Preoperative analysis and prosthetic treatment planning in esthetic implant dentistry. In: Buser D, Belser U, Wismeijer D, eds. ITI Treatment Guide. Vol 1. Implant Therapy in the Esthetic Zone - Single-Tooth Replacements. New Malden, Surrey, UK: Quintessenz Verlag; 2007;1:9-24.

30. Levine RA, Nack G. Team treatment planning for the replacement of esthetic zone teeth with dental implants. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2011;32(4):44-50.

31. Chen S, Buser D. Advantages and disadvantages of treatment options for implant placement in post-extraction sockets. In: Buser D, Wismeijer D, Belser U, eds. ITI Treatment Guide. Vol. 3. Implant Placement in Post-Extraction Sites: Treatment Options. Berlin: Quintessenz Verlag: 2008:29-42.

32. Salama H, Salama M. The role of orthodontic extrusion remodeling in the enhancement of soft and hard tissue profiles prior to implant placement: a systematic approach to the management of extraction site defects. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 1993;13(4):312-333.

33. Buser D, Martin W, Belser UC. Optimizing esthetics for implant restorations in the anterior maxilla: anatomic and surgical considerations. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2004;19(suppl):43-61.

34. Huynh-Ba G, Pjetursson BE, Sanz M, et al. Analysis of the socket bone wall dimensions in the upper maxilla in relation to immediate implant placement. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2010;21(1):37-42.

35. Spray JR, Black CG, Morris HF, Ochi S. The influence of bone thickness on facial marginal bone response: stage 1 placement through stage 2 uncovering. Ann Periodontol. 2000;5(1):119-128.

36. Kan JY, Roe P, Rungcharassaeng K, et al. Classification of sagittal root position in relation to the anterior maxillary osseous housing for immediate implant placement: a cone beam computed tomography study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2011;26(4):873-876. 


37. Buser D, Wittneben J, Bornstein MM, et al. Stability of contour augmentation and esthetic outcomes of implant-supported single crowns in the esthetic zone: 3-year results of a prospective study with early implant placement postextraction. J Periodontol. 2011;82(3):342-349. 


38. Buser D. Chappuis V. Belser UC, Chen S. Implant placement post-extraction in esthetic single tooth sites: when immediate, when early, when late? Periodontol 2000. 2017;73(1):84-102.

39. Elian N. Cho SC, Froum S, et al. A simplified socket classification and repair technique. Pract Proced Aesthet Dent. 2007;19(2):99-104.

40. Chu SJ, Sarnachiaro GO, Hochman MN, Tarnow DP. Subclassification and clinical management of extraction sockets with labial dentoalveolar dehiscence defects. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2015;36(7):516-522.

41. Chen ST, Wilson TG Jr, Hammerle CH. Immediate or early placement of implants following tooth extraction: review of biologic basis, clinical procedures, and outcomes. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2004;19 suppl:12-25.

42. Hämmerle CH, Chen ST, Wilson TG Jr. Consensus statements and recommended clinical procedures regarding the placement of implants in extraction sockets. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2004;19 suppl:26-28.

43. Levine RA. Surgical and prosthetic treatment of a failed maxillary central incisor. Inside Dent. 2016;12(6):64-70.

44. Ganeles J, Wismeijer D. Early and immediately restored and loaded dental implants for single-tooth and partial-arch applications. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2004;19(suppl):92-102.


45. Chen ST, Darby IB, Reynolds EC. A prospective clinical study of non-submerged immediate implants: clinical outcomes and esthetic results. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2007;18(5):552-562.

46. Evans CD, Chen ST. Esthetic outcomes of immediate implant placements. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2008;19(1):73-80.

47. Advanced surface and material enable Straumann’s bone level implants to overcome placement challenges. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2015;36(8):628.

48. Kan JY, Roe P, Rungcharassaeng K. Effects of implant morphology on rotational stability during immediate implant placement in the esthetic zone. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2015;30(3):667-670.

49. Al-Nawas B, Brägger U, Meijer HJ, et al. A double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) of titanium-13 zirconium versus titanium grade IV small-diameter bone level implants in edentulous mandibles—results from a 1-year observation period. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2012;14(6):896-904.

50. Levine RA, Gallucci GO. Implantology: an evolving dental discipline. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2011;32(7):70-71.

51. Araújo MG, Linder E, Lindhe J. Bio-Oss collagen in the buccal gap at immediate implants: a 6-month study in the dog. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2011:22(1):1-8.

52. Covani U, Cornelini R, Calvo JL, et al. Bone remodeling around implants placed in fresh extraction sockets. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2010;30(6):601-607.

53. Araújo MG, Sukekava F, Wennström JL, Lindhe J. Tissue modeling following implant placement in fresh extraction sockets. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2006;17(6):615-624.

54. Sanz M, Cecchinato D, Ferrus J, et al. A prospective, randomized-controlled clinical trial to evaluate bone preservation using implants with different geometry placed into extraction sockets in the maxilla. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2010;21(1):13-21.

55. Sanz M, Lindhe J, Alcaraz J, et al. The effect of placing a bone replacement graft in the gap at immediately placed implants: a randomized clinical trial [published online ahead of print June 7, 2016]. Clin Oral Implants Res. doi:10.1111/clr.12896.

56. Abdelhamid A, Omran M, Bakhshalian N, et al. An open randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate ridge preservation and repair using SocketKAP™ and SocketKAGE™: part 2 – three-dimensional alveolar bone volumetric analysis of CBCT imaging. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2016;27(6):631-639.

57. Kan JY, Rungcharassaeng K, Sclar A, Lozada JL. Effects of the facial osseous defect morphology on gingival dynamics after immediate tooth replacement and guided bone regeneration: 1-year results. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;657(suppl 1):13-19.

58. Januario AL, Duarte WR, Barriviera M, et al. Dimension of the facial bone wall in the anterior maxilla: a cone-beam computed tomography study. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2011;22(10):1168-1171.

59. Miyamoto Y, Obama T. Dental cone beam computed tomography analyses of postoperative labial bone thickness in maxillary anterior implants: comparing immediate and delayed implant placement. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2011;31(3):215-225.

60. Braut V, Bornstein M, Belser U, Buser D. Thickness of the anterior maxillary facial bone wall—a retrospective radiographic study using cone beam computed tomography. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2011;31(2):125-131.

61. Kan JY, Rungcharassaeng K, Lozada JL, Zimmerman G. Facial gingival tissue stability following immediate placement and provisionalization of maxillary anterior single implants: a 2- to 8-year follow-up. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2011;26(1):179-187.

62. Kan JY, Rungcharassaeng K, Lozada J. Immediate placement and provisionalization of maxillary anterior single implants: 1-year prospective study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2003;18(1):31-39.

63. De Rouck T, Collys K, Cosyn J. Immediate single-tooth implants in the anterior maxilla: a 1-year case cohort study on hard and soft tissue response. J Clin Periodontol. 2008;35(7):649-657.

64. Cosyn J, De Bruyn H, Cleymaet R. Soft tissue preservation and pink aesthetics around single immediate implant restorations: a 1-year prospective study. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2013;15(6):847-857.

65. Kan JY, Rungcharassaeng K, Morimoto T, Lozada J. Facial gingival stability after connective tissue graft with single immediate tooth replacement in the esthetic zone: consecutive case reports. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;67(11 suppl):40-48.

66. Fenner N, Hämmerle CH, Sailer I, Jung RE. Long-term clinical, technical, and esthetic outcomes of all-ceramic vs. titanium abutments on implant supporting single-tooth reconstructions after at least 5 years. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2016;27(6):716-723.

67. Linkevicius T, Apse P, Grybauskas S, Puisys A. The influence of soft tissue thickness on crestal bone changes around dental implants: a 1-year prospective controlled clinical trial. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2009;24(4):712-719.

68. Berglundh T, Abrahamsson I, Welander M, et al. Morphogenesis of the peri-implant mucosa: an experimental study in dogs. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2007;18(1):1-8.

69. Linkevicius T, Puisys A, Steigmann M, et al. Influence of vertical soft tissue thickness on crestal bone changes around implants with platform switching: a comparative clinical study. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2015;17(6):1228-1236.

70. Puisys A, Vindasiute E, Linkevciene L, Linkevicius T. The use of acellular dermal matrix membrane for vertical soft tissue augmentation during submerged implant placement: a case series. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2015;26(4):465-470.

71. Redemagni M, Cremonesi S, Garlini G, Maiorna C. Soft tissue stability with immediate implants and concave abutments. Eur J Esthet Dent. 2009;4(4):328-337.

72. Chung S, Rungcharassaeng K, Kan JY, et al. Immediate single tooth replacement with subepithelial connective tissue graft using platform switching implants: a case series. J Oral Implantol. 2011;37(5):559-569.

73. Tsuda H, Rungcharassaeng K, Kan JY, et al. Peri-implant tissue response following connective tissue and bone grafting in conjunction with immediate single-tooth replacement in the esthetic zone: a case series. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2011;26(2):427-436.

74. Rungcharassaeng K, Kan JY, Yoshino S, et al. Immediate implant placement and provisionalization with and without a connective tissue graft: an analysis of facial gingival tissue thickness. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2012;32(6):657-663.

75. Grunder U. Crestal ridge width changes when placing implants at the time of tooth extraction with and without soft tissue augmentation after a healing period of 6 months: report of 24 consecutive cases. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2011;31(1):9-17.

76. Jung RE, Sailer I, Hämmerle CH, et al. In vitro color changes of soft tissues caused by restorative materials. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2007;27(3):251-257. 


77. Cosyn J, De Bruyn H, Cleymaet R. Soft tissue preservation and pink aesthetics around single immediate implant restorations: a 1-year prospective study. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2013;15(6):847-857.

78. Henry PJ, Laney WR, Jemt T, et al. Osseointegrated implants for single-tooth replacement: a prospective 5-year multicenter study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 1996:11(4):450-455.

79. Binon PP, McHugh MJ. The effect of eliminating implant/abutment rotational misfit on screw joint stability. Int J Prosthodont. 1996;9(6):511-519.

80. Gotfredsen K, Wiskott A, Working Group 4. Consensus report - reconstructions on implants. The Third EAO Consensus Conference 2012. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2012;23(suppl 6):238-241.

81. Martin WC, Pollini A, Morton D. The influence of restorative procedures on esthetic outcomes in implant dentistry: a systematic review. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014;29 (suppl):142-154.

82. Wittneben JG, Millen C, Brägger U. Clinical performance of screw- versus cement-retained fixed implant-supported reconstructions—a systematic review. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014;29(suppl):84-98.

83. Wilson TG Jr. The positive relationship between excess cement and peri-implant disease: a prospective clinical endoscopic study. J Periodontol. 2009;80(9):1388-1392.

84. Linkevicius T, Vindasiute E, Puisys A, Peciuliene V. The influence of margin location on the amount of undetected cement excess after delivery of cement-retained implant restorations. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2011;22(12):1379-1384.

85. Wadhwani C, Piñeryo A. Technique for controlling the cement for an implant crown. J Prosthet Dent. 2009;102(1):57-58.

86. Present S, Levine RA. Techniques to control or avoid cement around implant-retained restorations. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2013;34(6):432-437.

87. Piñeyro A, Ganeles J. Custom abutments alone will not eliminate the clinical effects of poor cementation techniques around dental implants. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2014;35(9):678-686.

88. Pette GA, Ganeles J, Norkin FJ. Radiographic appearance of commonly used cements in implant dentistry. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2013;33(1):61-68.

89. Choquet V, Hermans M, Andriaenssens P, et al. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the papilla level adjacent to single-tooth dental implants. A retrospective study in the maxillary anterior region. J Periodontol. 2001;72(10):1364-1371.

90. Hinds KF. Custom impression coping for an exact registration of the healed tissue in the esthetic implant restoration. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 1997;17(6):584-591.

91. Patras M, Martin W. Simplified custom impression post for implant-supported restorations. J Prosthet Dent. 2016;115(5):556-559.

92. Fürhauser R, Mailath-Pokorny G, Haas R, et al. Immediate restoration of immediate implants in the esthetic zone of the maxilla via the copy-abutment technique: 5-year follow-up of pink esthetic scores. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2017;19(1):28-37.

93. Taylor TD, Klotz MW, Lawton RA. Titanium tattooing associated with zirconia implant abutments: a clinical report of two cases. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2014;29(4):958-960.

94. Mangano FG, Mastrangelo P, Luongo F, et al. Aesthetic outcome of immediately restored single implants placed in extraction sockets and healed sites of the anterior maxilla: a retrospective study on 103 patients with 3 years of follow-up. Clin Oral Impl Res. 2017;28(3):272–282.

© 2019 AEGIS Communications | Privacy Policy